Timeline of Israel: BCE

 

“Now the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father’s house, unto a land that I will shew thee: And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing: And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed. So Abram departed, as the LORD had spoken unto him…” – Genesis 12:1-4a

 

 

17th century BCE – The Patriarchal Period.

 

13th – 12th century BCE – Exodus from Egypt and Joshua led conquest into Canaan.

 

1200 – 1021 BCE – Period of the Judges.

 

1020 BCE – The beginning of the Monarchy:  King Saul.

 

1004 – 965 BCE – King David.

 

965 – 930 BCE – King Solomon; First Temple built during Solomon’s reign.

 

930 BCE – Divided Kingdom:  Israel and Judah.

 

722 BCE – The Northern Kingdom conquered by the Assyrians; Northern 10 tribes exiled.

 

587 – 538 BCE – Babylonian Rule and the destruction of the First Temple (586 BCE); most Jews exiled.

 

538 – 332 BCE – Persian Rule.

 

538 – 515 BCE – Many Jews return to the Land of Israel and the (Second) Temple is rebuilt.

 

332 BCE – Alexander the Great conquers the Land of Israel.

 

332 – 142 BCE – Hellenistic (Greek) Rule.

 

166 – 160 BCE – Maccabean revolt against restrictions on practices of Judaism and desecration of the Temple.

 

142 – 63 BCE – Hasmonean Period.

 

142 – 129 BCE – Jewish autonomy under Hasmoneans.

 

129 – 63 BCE – Jewish independence under Hasmonean Monarchy.

 

63 BCE – 313 CE – Roman Rule.

 

37 BCE – Herod, King of Judea built the cities of Caesarea, Sebastia, and the fortresses at Herodian and Masada.